Every Fun Factor activity involves hands-on creation and manipulation of numbers, generating colorful visuals that spark curiosity, engagement and relevance to real life. Particularly at this unsettled time, our activities provide a critical emotional connection for students as well as an academic one. The activities scaffold to build connections in the brain, and the teacher guide facilitates easy differentiated instruction by incorporating standards both below and above grade level.

## Kindergarten

Activity
Key Skills
Description
Rock 'n' Roll Bingo / Hops
Counting
Students make large paper dice, then have fun adding and reasoning to form a winning line.
Glow-in-the-Dark Geometry
Constructing 2-D shapes
Students make geometric shapes using glowsticks, then flick off the lights to discover and identify shapes.
Measure Up!
Comparing lengths
Students compare toys and household items to explore the concepts of "more" or "less".
Off the Charts
Sorting and counting objects
Students line up favorite toys to make giant graphs on the floor, sorting and counting with real-life objects.
Rocket to Mars
Counting on
Making 10
Students "fly" from Earth to Mars by rolling a die, finding the rocket that pairs to make 10, and counting on a gameboard.
Sticky Twists
Composing and decomposing numbers to 20
Counting, cardinality
Students twist colorful wax sticks into spirals, then count and decompose numbers in this tactile exercise.
Epic Air Traffic Control
Counting forward and backward
Students make glowing number lines and count to fly their planes to the end of the runway.

Activity
Key Skills
Description
Rock 'n' Roll Bingo / Hops
Adding with up to 3 numbers
Students make large paper dice, then have fun adding up to 3 numbers and reasoning to form a winning line.
Glow-in-the-Dark Geometry
Identifying attributes of 2-D shapes
Students make geometric shapes using glowsticks, then flick off the lights to discover the attributes of shapes.
Measure Up!
Comparing lengths
Measuring with nonstandard units
Students discover that toys and household items can become units to measure and compare just about anything.
Off the Charts
Comparing data on graphs
Students line up favorite toys to make giant graphs on the floor, connecting data with real-life objects.
Rocket to Mars
Ordering numbers
Students "fly" from Earth to Mars by adding the number of rockets to the correct sum.
Sticky Twists
Comparing amounts
Identifying tens and ones
Students twist colorful wax sticks into spirals, then compare, add, and subtract numbers in this tactile exercise.
Scruffy's Snack Shack
Regrouping
Students gather “snacks” in groups of tens and ones for Scruffy the dog and learn how regrouping works.
Epic Air Traffic Control
Adding and subtracting on a number line
Students make glowing number lines and do the math to fly their planes to the end of the runway.

Activity
Key Skills
Description
Rock 'n' Roll Bingo / Hops
Using addition strategies with up to 3 numbers
Students make large paper dice, then have fun using addition strategies and reasoning to win.
Factor Forts
Students stack popsicle sticks in polygonal towers to experience equal groups in a very tangible way.
Glow-in-the-Dark Geometry
Comparing 2-D shapes
Students make geometric shapes using glowsticks, then flick off the lights to compare shapes.
Measure Up!
Comparing lengths
Create a line plot to show measurement data.
Measuring and estimating using standard units
Students use a ruler to measure toys and household items and learn how inches and centimeters compare.
Off the Charts
Creating picture and bar graphs
Solving problems based on picture graph data
Students line up favorite toys to make giant graphs on the floor, using real-life objects to analyze data.
Scruffy's Snack Shack
Understanding place value
Students gather “snacks” in groups of hundreds, tens and ones for Scruffy the dog and use them to add and subtract with regrouping.
Neon Time Travel
Telling time
Students tell time using bright glowstick-clocks with roman numerals.
Pixel-palooza
Identifying odds and evens
Students use colored squares to make pictures in rectangular arrays, using repeated addition to count the total.

Activity
Key Skills
Description
Rock 'n' Roll Bingo / Hops
Multiplying with partial products
Students make large paper dice, then have fun using multiplication, partial products and reasoning to win.
Cowabunga
Composing arrays with equal perimeters to compare areas
Identifying patterns in length-width pairs
Students explore how the same perimeter can enclose different areas, by making “farms” of paper cows and wax-stick fences.
Face-Off
Comparing and simplifying fractions: fourths and eighths
Students bring fractions to life by drawing colorful faces on a grid, cutting the pieces, then swapping pieces to make mixed-up faces.
Glow-in-the-Dark Geometry
Classifying 2-D shapes
Students make geometric shapes using glowsticks, then flick off the lights to discover and classify shapes.
Off the Charts
Creating scaled bar graphs
Solving problems based on bar graph data
Students line up favorite toys to make giant scaled bar graphs on the floor, using real-life objects to analyze data.
Pirate Treasure Hunt
Locating fractions on a number line
Plotting points on a fractional coordinate plane
Students plot integer and simple fractional coordinate points to create game boards, then use these skills to find the treasure!
Fraction Action
Identifying simple fractions
Understanding equivalent fractions
Students use sea creature fraction cards to compare 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, 1/5 and 1/6, then play two games of luck!
Factor Forts
Dividing using repeated subtraction
Students stack popsicle sticks in polygonal towers to see how addition, subtraction, multiplication and division all relate in a very tangible way.
Pixel-palooza
Dividing
Students create arrays of colored squares to scale up pictures and demonstrate multiplication through art.

Activity
Key Skills
Description
Cowabunga
Composing arrays with equal areas to compare perimeters
Composing arrays with equal perimeters to compare areas
Solving word problems to maximize area and perimeter
Students explore how the same perimeter can enclose different areas, and the same area can have different perimeters, by making “farms” of paper cows and wax-stick fences.
Divide and Conquer
Using long division to divide 1 digit into 2- and 3-digit numbers
Students fill in colorful grids to de-mystify 2-digit long division and solve problems that crack a secret code!
Face-Off
Compariing and simplifying fractions: tenths and twentieths
Converting fractions to decimals: multiples of 0.1 and 0.05
Students bring fractions and decimals to life by drawing colorful faces on a grid, cutting the pieces, then swapping pieces to make mixed-up faces.
Glow-in-the-Dark Geometry
Measuring angles
Students make dazzling geometric lattices and cubes out of glowsticks to measure with protractors.
Off the Charts
Identifying the maximum and minimum in a data set
Measuring item lengths to 1/8 inch
Organizing and analyzing data on a bar chart and line plot
Students use favorite toys to generate real-life data, and construct bar charts and line plots to quantify attributes of the data set.
Pirate Treasure Hunt
Locating decimals on a number line
Plotting points on a decimal coordinate plane
Students plot integer and decimal coordinate points to create game boards, then use these skills to find the treasure!
Prime Time
Identifying patterns for prime factors
Identifying primes and prime factors of composites for numbers 2-50, then 51-100
Students create a colorful chart using prime factors, reinforcing their understanding of multiples to lay groundwork for long division.
Fraction Action
Placing fractions with differing denominators in order of value
Simplifying fractions
Students use fraction cards with a 100-grid of sea creatures to compare values, then play two games of luck!
Scruffy's Snack Shack
Estimating products
Multiplying multi-digit numbers
Students explore the mechanics of multiplying 2-digit numbers in order to reward Scruffy, a street performer dog who earns snacks for his stunts.

Activity
Key Skills
Description
Divide and Conquer
Using long division to divide numbers up to 4 digits
Students fill in colorful grids to de-mystify 4-digit long division and solve problems that crack a secret code!
Face-Off
Compariing and simplifying fractions: twentieths and twenty-fifths
Converting fractions to decimals: multiples of 0.1, 0.05 and 0.04
Multiplying fractions by fractions and by whole numbers
Students bring fractions and decimals to life by drawing colorful faces on a grid, cutting the pieces, then swapping pieces to see more complex operations in action.
Glow-in-the-Dark Geometry
Calculating volume
Constructing 3-D shapes
Students make cubes out of glowsticks to calculate volume.
Off the Charts
Measuring item lengths to 1/8 inch, and simplifying the resulting fractions
Plotting data against fractions of different denominators
Students use favorite toys to generate real-life data, and construct bar charts and line plots to practice operations with fractions.
Pirate Treasure Hunt
Locating points on a coordinate grid
Students plot four-quadrant coordinate points to create a game board, then use these skills to find the treasure!
Prime Time
Generating and comparing products based on prime factors
Identifying primes and prime factors of composites for numbers 2-100
Students create a colorful chart using prime factors, laying groundwork for long division. They use this "code" to multiply, generating larger products.
Fraction Action
Comparing and ordering fractions
Converting values between fraction, simplified fraction, and decimal formats
Placing numbers of different formats in order of value
Students use fraction cards with a 100-grid of sea creatures to understand fractions and decimals, then play three games of luck!