# Grade-by-Grade Content

Every Fun Factor activity involves hands-on creation and manipulation of numbers, generating colorful visuals that spark curiosity, engagement and relevance to real life. Particularly at this unsettled time, our activities provide a critical emotional connection for students as well as an academic one. The activities scaffold to build connections in the brain, and the teacher guide facilitates easy differentiated instruction by incorporating standards both below and above grade level.

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## Kindergarten

Activity

Key Skills

Description

Epic Air Traffic Control

Counting forward and backward

Students make glowing number lines and count to fly their planes to the end of the runway.

Glow-in-the-Dark Geometry

Constructing 2-D shapes

Students make geometric shapes using glowsticks, then flick off the lights to discover and identify shapes.

Measure Up

Comparing lengths

Students compare toys and household items to explore the concepts of "more" or "less".

Off the Charts

Sorting and counting objects

Students line up favorite toys to make giant graphs on the floor, sorting and counting with real-life objects.

Rock 'n' Roll Bingo / Hops

Adding

Counting

Students make large paper dice, then have fun adding and reasoning to form a winning line.

Rocket to Mars

Adding

Counting on

Making 10

Students "fly" from Earth to Mars by rolling a die, finding the rocket that pairs to make 10, and counting on a gameboard.

Sticky Twists

Composing and decomposing numbers to 20

Counting, cardinality

Students twist colorful wax sticks into spirals, then count and decompose numbers in this tactile exercise.

## 1st Grade

Activity

Key Skills

Description

Epic Air Traffic Control

Adding and subtracting on a number line

Students make glowing number lines and do the math to fly their planes to the end of the runway.

Glow-in-the-Dark Geometry

Identifying attributes of 2-D shapes

Students make geometric shapes using glowsticks, then flick off the lights to discover the attributes of shapes.

Measure Up

Comparing lengths

Measuring with nonstandard units

Students discover that toys and household items can become units to measure and compare just about anything.

Off the Charts

Comparing data on graphs

Students line up favorite toys to make giant graphs on the floor, connecting data with real-life objects.

Rock 'n' Roll Bingo / Hops

Adding with up to 3 numbers

Students make large paper dice, then have fun adding up to 3 numbers and reasoning to form a winning line.

Rocket to Mars

Adding 10 mentally

Adding 3 numbers

Ordering numbers

Students "fly" from Earth to Mars by adding the number of rockets to the correct sum.

Scruffy's Snack Shack

Adding 2-digit numbers

Regrouping

Students gather “snacks” in groups of tens and ones for Scruffy the dog and learn how regrouping works.

Sticky Twists

Adding and subtracting within 20

Comparing amounts

Identifying tens and ones

Students twist colorful wax sticks into spirals, then compare, add, and subtract numbers in this tactile exercise.

## 2nd Grade

Activity

Key Skills

Description

Factor Forts

Using repeated addition and subtraction

Students stack popsicle sticks in polygonal towers to experience equal groups in a very tangible way.

Glow-in-the-Dark Geometry

Comparing 2-D shapes

Students make geometric shapes using glowsticks, then flick off the lights to compare shapes.

Measure Up

Comparing lengths

Create a line plot to show measurement data.

Measuring and estimating using standard units

Students use a ruler to measure toys and household items and learn how inches and centimeters compare.

Neon Time Travel

Telling time

Students tell time using bright glowstick-clocks with roman numerals.

Off the Charts

Creating picture and bar graphs

Solving problems based on picture graph data

Students line up favorite toys to make giant graphs on the floor, using real-life objects to analyze data.

Pixel-palooza

Adding by skip counting

Identifying odds and evens

Using repeated addition

Students use colored squares to make pictures in rectangular arrays, using repeated addition to count the total.

Rock 'n' Roll Bingo / Hops

Using addition strategies with up to 3 numbers

Students make large paper dice, then have fun using addition strategies and reasoning to win.

Scruffy's Snack Shack

Adding and subtracting 3-digit numbers

Understanding place value

Students gather “snacks” in groups of hundreds, tens and ones for Scruffy the dog and use them to add and subtract with regrouping.

## 3rd Grade

Activity

Key Skills

Description

Believe It or Not

Multiplying single digit numbers by multiples of 10

Subtract within 1,000

Students dive into powers of 10 and practice their subtraction skills while learning crazy facts about the United States.

Cowabunga!

Composing arrays with equal perimeters to compare areas

Identifying patterns in length-width pairs

Students explore how the same perimeter can enclose different areas, by making “farms” of paper cows and wax-stick fences.

Face-Off

Addding and subtracting same-denominator fractions

Comparing and simplifying fractions: fourths and eighths

Students bring fractions to life by drawing colorful faces on a grid, cutting the pieces, then swapping pieces to make mixed-up faces.

Factor Forts

Dividing using repeated subtraction

Multiplying using repeated addition

Students stack popsicle sticks in polygonal towers to see how addition, subtraction, multiplication and division all relate in a very tangible way.

Fraction Action

Identifying simple fractions

Understanding equivalent fractions

Students use sea creature fraction cards to compare 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, 1/5 and 1/6, then play two games of luck!

Glow-in-the-Dark Geometry

Classifying 2-D shapes

Students make geometric shapes using glowsticks, then flick off the lights to discover and classify shapes.

Off the Charts

Creating scaled bar graphs

Solving problems based on bar graph data

Students line up favorite toys to make giant scaled bar graphs on the floor, using real-life objects to analyze data.

Pirate Treasure Hunt

Locating fractions on a number line

Plotting points on a fractional coordinate plane

Students plot integer and simple fractional coordinate points to create game boards, then use these skills to find the treasure!

Pixel-palooza

Dividing

Multiplying using repeated addition

Students create arrays of colored squares to scale up pictures and demonstrate multiplication through art.

Prime Time

Identifying patterns

Multiplying

Students learn the basics of prime factoring to create a colorful gameboard, while reinforcing their fluency with multiplication facts.

Rock 'n' Roll Bingo / Hops

Multiplying with partial products

Students make large paper dice, then have fun using multiplication, partial products and reasoning to win.

'Round the World

Round multi-digit numbers within 1,000

Students use place value and rounding to see who can round up the most wild animals!

Scruffy's Tic-Tac-Snacks

Estimating products

Multiplying multi-digit numbers

Students explore the mechanics of multiplying 2-digit numbers in order to reward Scruffy, a street performer dog who earns snacks for his stunts.

## 4th Grade

Activity

Key Skills

Description

Believe It or Not

Interpret place value up to 1,000,000

Subtract multi-digit whole numbers

Students dive into powers of 10 and practice their subtraction skills while learning crazy facts about the United States.

Cowabunga!

Composing arrays with equal areas to compare perimeters

Composing arrays with equal perimeters to compare areas

Solving word problems to maximize area and perimeter

Students explore how the same perimeter can enclose different areas, and the same area can have different perimeters, by making “farms” of paper cows and wax-stick fences.

Divide and Conquer

Using long division to divide 1 digit into 2- and 3-digit numbers

Students fill in colorful grids to de-mystify 2-digit long division and solve problems that crack a secret code!

Face-Off

Compariing and simplifying fractions: tenths and twentieths

Converting fractions to decimals: multiples of 0.1 and 0.05

Students bring fractions and decimals to life by drawing colorful faces on a grid, cutting the pieces, then swapping pieces to make mixed-up faces.

Fraction Action

Placing fractions with differing denominators in order of value

Simplifying fractions

Students use fraction cards with a 100-grid of sea creatures to compare values, then play two games of luck!

Glow-in-the-Dark Geometry

Measuring angles

Students make dazzling geometric lattices and cubes out of glowsticks to measure with protractors.

Off the Charts

Identifying the maximum and minimum in a data set

Measuring item lengths to 1/8 inch

Organizing and analyzing data on a bar chart and line plot

Students use favorite toys to generate real-life data, and construct bar charts and line plots to quantify attributes of the data set.

Pirate Treasure Hunt

Locating decimals on a number line

Plotting points on a decimal coordinate plane

Students plot integer and decimal coordinate points to create game boards, then use these skills to find the treasure!

Prime Time

Identifying patterns for prime factors

Identifying primes and prime factors of composites for numbers 2-50, then 51-100

Students create a colorful gameboard using prime factors, reinforcing their understanding of multiples to lay groundwork for long division.

'Round the World

Round multi-digit whole numbers to any digit

Students use place value and rounding to see who can round up the most wild animals!

Scruffy's Tic-Tac-Snacks

Estimating products

Multiplying multi-digit numbers

Students explore the mechanics of multiplying 2-digit numbers in order to reward Scruffy, a street performer dog who earns snacks for his stunts.

## 5th Grade

Activity

Key Skills

Description

Divide and Conquer

Using long division to divide numbers up to 4 digits

Students fill in colorful grids to de-mystify 4-digit long division and solve problems that crack a secret code!

Face-Off

Compariing and simplifying fractions: twentieths and twenty-fifths

Converting fractions to decimals: multiples of 0.1, 0.05 and 0.04

Multiplying fractions by fractions and by whole numbers

Students bring fractions and decimals to life by drawing colorful faces on a grid, cutting the pieces, then swapping pieces to see more complex operations in action.

Fraction Action

Comparing and ordering fractions

Converting values between fraction, simplified fraction, and decimal formats

Placing numbers of different formats in order of value

Students use fraction cards with a 100-grid of sea creatures to understand fractions and decimals, then play three games of luck!

Off the Charts

Adding and multiplying fractions

Measuring item lengths to 1/8 inch, and simplifying the resulting fractions

Plotting data against fractions of different denominators

Students use favorite toys to generate real-life data, and construct bar charts and line plots to practice operations with fractions.

Pirate Treasure Hunt

Locating points on a coordinate grid

Students plot four-quadrant coordinate points to create a game board, then use these skills to find the treasure!

Prime Time

Generating and comparing products based on prime factors

Identifying primes and prime factors of composites for numbers 2-100

Students create a colorful gameboard using prime factors, laying groundwork for long division. They use this "code" to multiply, generating larger products.