Every Fun Factor activity is a tangible experience that sparks curiosity and helps students relate to math in real life. Particularly at this unsettled time, our playful activities provide critical emotional connections for students while also providing academic rigor. The activities scaffold to build connections in the brain, and the accompanying teacher guides facilitate differentiated instruction by incorporating standards both below and above grade level.

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### Kindergarten

Activity | Key Skills | Description |

Epic Air Traffic Control | Counting forward and backward | Students make glowing number lines and count to fly their planes to the end of the runway. |

Glow-in-the-Dark Geometry | Constructing 2-D shapes | Students make geometric shapes using glowsticks, then flick off the lights to discover and identify shapes. |

Measure Up | Comparing lengths | Students compare toys and household items to explore the concepts of "more" or "less". |

Off the Charts | Sorting and counting objects | Students line up favorite toys to make giant graphs on the floor, sorting and counting with real-life objects. |

Rock ’n’ Roll Bingo / Hops | Adding Counting | Students make large paper dice, then have fun adding and reasoning to form a winning line. |

Rocket to Mars | Adding Counting on Making 10 | Students "fly" from Earth to Mars by rolling a die, finding the rocket that pairs to make 10, and counting on a gameboard. |

Sticky Twists | Composing and decomposing numbers to 20 Counting, cardinality | Students twist colorful wax sticks into spirals, then count and decompose numbers in this tactile exercise. |

### 1st Grade

Activity | Key Skills | Description |

Epic Air Traffic Control | Adding and subtracting on a number line | Students make glowing number lines and do the math to fly their planes to the end of the runway. |

Glow-in-the-Dark Geometry | Identifying attributes of 2-D shapes | Students make geometric shapes using glowsticks, then flick off the lights to discover the attributes of shapes. |

Measure Up | Comparing lengths Measuring with nonstandard units | Students discover that toys and household items can become units to measure and compare just about anything. |

Off the Charts | Comparing data on graphs | Students line up favorite toys to make giant graphs on the floor, connecting data with real-life objects. |

Rock ’n’ Roll Bingo / Hops | Adding with up to 3 numbers | Students make large paper dice, then have fun adding up to 3 numbers and reasoning to form a winning line. |

Rocket to Mars | Adding 10 mentally Adding 3 numbers Ordering numbers | Students "fly" from Earth to Mars by adding the number of rockets to the correct sum. |

Scruffy’s Snack Shack | Adding 2-digit numbers Regrouping | Students gather “snacks” in groups of tens and ones for Scruffy the dog and learn how regrouping works. |

Sticky Twists | Adding and subtracting within 20 Comparing amounts Identifying tens and ones | Students twist colorful wax sticks into spirals, then compare, add, and subtract numbers in this tactile exercise. |

### 2nd Grade

Activity | Key Skills | Description |

Factor Forts | Using repeated addition and subtraction | Students stack popsicle sticks in polygonal towers to experience equal groups in a very tangible way. |

Glow-in-the-Dark Geometry | Comparing 2-D shapes | Students make geometric shapes using glowsticks, then flick off the lights to compare shapes. |

Measure Up | Comparing lengths Creating a line plot to show measurement data Measuring and estimating using standard units | Students use a ruler to measure toys and household items and learn how inches and centimeters compare. |

Neon Time Travel | Telling time | Students tell time using bright glowstick-clocks with roman numerals. |

Off the Charts | Creating picture and bar graphs Solving problems based on picture graph data | Students line up favorite toys to make giant graphs on the floor, using real-life objects to analyze data. |

Pixel-palooza | Adding by skip counting Identifying odds and evens Using repeated addition | Students use colored squares to make pictures in rectangular arrays, using repeated addition to count the total. |

Rock ’n’ Roll Bingo / Hops | Using addition strategies with up to 3 numbers | Students make large paper dice, then have fun using addition strategies and reasoning to win. |

Scruffy’s Snack Shack | Adding and subtracting 3-digit numbers Understanding place value | Students gather “snacks” in groups of hundreds, tens and ones for Scruffy the dog and use them to add and subtract with regrouping. |

### 3rd Grade

Activity | Key Skills | Description |

Believe It or Not | Multiplying single digit numbers by multiples of 10 Subtract within 1,000 | Students dive into powers of 10 and practice their subtraction skills while learning crazy facts about the United States. |

Cowabunga! | Composing arrays with equal perimeters to compare areas Identifying patterns in length-width pairs | Students explore how the same perimeter can enclose different areas, by making “farms” of paper cows and wax-stick fences. |

Face-Off | Adding and subtracting same-denominator fractions Comparing and simplifying fractions: fourths and eighths | Students bring fractions to life by drawing colorful faces on a grid, cutting the pieces, then swapping pieces to make mixed-up faces. |

Factor Forts | Dividing using repeated subtraction Multiplying using repeated addition | Students stack popsicle sticks in polygonal towers to see how addition, subtraction, multiplication and division all relate in a very tangible way. |

Fraction Action | Identifying simple fractions Understanding equivalent fractions | Students use sea creature fraction cards to compare 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, 1/5 and 1/6, then play two games of luck! |

Glow-in-the-Dark Geometry | Classifying 2-D shapes | Students make geometric shapes using glowsticks, then flick off the lights to discover and classify shapes. |

Off the Charts | Creating scaled bar graphs Solving problems based on bar graph data | Students line up favorite toys to make giant scaled bar graphs on the floor, using real-life objects to analyze data. |

Pirate Treasure Hunt | Creating scaled bar graphs Solving problems based on bar graph data | Students line up favorite toys to make giant scaled bar graphs on the floor, using real-life objects to analyze data. |

Pixel-palooza | Dividing Multiplying using repeated addition | Students create arrays of colored squares to scale up pictures and demonstrate multiplication through art. |

Prime Time | Identifying patterns Multiplying | Students learn the basics of prime factoring to create a colorful gameboard, while reinforcing their fluency with multiplication facts. |

Rock ’n’ Roll Bingo / Hops | Multiplying with partial products | Students make large paper dice, then have fun using multiplication, partial products and reasoning to win. |

’Round the World | Round multi-digit numbers within 1,000 | Students use place value and rounding to see who can round up the most wild animals! |

Scruffy’s Tic-Tac-Snacks | Estimating products Multiplying multi-digit numbers | Students explore the mechanics of multiplying 2-digit numbers in order to reward Scruffy, a street performer dog who earns snacks for his stunts. |

### 4th Grade

Activity | Key Skills | Description |

Believe It or Not | Interpret place value up to 1,000,000 Subtract multi-digit whole numbers | Students dive into powers of 10 and practice their subtraction skills while learning crazy facts about the United States. |

Cowabunga! | Composing arrays with equal areas to compare perimeters Composing arrays with equal perimeters to compare areas Solving word problems to maximize area and perimeter | Students explore how the same perimeter can enclose different areas, and the same area can have different perimeters, by making “farms” of paper cows and wax-stick fences. |

Divide and Conquer | Using long division to divide 1 digit into 2- and 3-digit numbers | Students fill in colorful grids to de-mystify 2-digit long division and solve problems that crack a secret code! |

Face-Off | Converting fractions to decimals: multiples of 0.1 and 0.05 Comparing and simplifying fractions: tenths and twentieths | Students bring fractions and decimals to life by drawing colorful faces on a grid, cutting the pieces, then swapping pieces to make mixed-up faces. |

Fraction Action | Placing fractions with differing denominators in order of value Simplifying fractions | Students use fraction cards with a 100-grid of sea creatures to compare values, then play two games of luck! |

Glow-in-the-Dark Geometry | Measuring angles | Students make dazzling geometric lattices and cubes out of glowsticks to measure with protractors. |

Off the Charts | Identifying the maximum and minimum in a data set Measuring item lengths to 1/8 inch Organizing and analyzing data on a bar chart and line plot | Students use favorite toys to generate real-life data, and construct bar charts and line plots to quantify attributes of the data set. |

Pirate Treasure Hunt | Locating decimals on a number line Plotting points on a decimal coordinate plane | Students plot integer and decimal coordinate points to create game boards, then use these skills to find the treasure! |

Prime Time | Identifying patterns for prime factors Identifying primes and prime factors of composites for numbers 2-50, then 51-100 | Students create a colorful gameboard using prime factors, reinforcing their understanding of multiples to lay groundwork for long division. |

’Round the World | Round multi-digit whole numbers to any digit | Students use place value and rounding to see who can round up the most wild animals! |

Scruffy’s Tic-Tac-Snacks | Estimating products Multiplying multi-digit numbers | Students explore the mechanics of multiplying 2-digit numbers in order to reward Scruffy, a street performer dog who earns snacks for his stunts. |

### 5th Grade

Activity | Key Skills | Description |

Divide and Conquer | Using long division to divide numbers up to 4 digits | Students fill in colorful grids to de-mystify 4-digit long division and solve problems that crack a secret code! |

Face-Off | Comparing and simplifying fractions: twentieths and twenty-fifths Converting fractions to decimals: multiples of 0.1, 0.05 and 0.04 Multiplying fractions by fractions and by whole numbers | Students bring fractions and decimals to life by drawing colorful faces on a grid, cutting the pieces, then swapping pieces to see more complex operations in action. |

Fraction Action | Comparing and ordering fractions Converting values between fraction, simplified fraction, and decimal formats Placing numbers of different formats in order of value | Students use fraction cards with a 100-grid of sea creatures to understand fractions and decimals, then play three games of luck! |

Off the Charts | Adding and multiplying fractions Measuring item lengths to 1/8 inch, and simplifying the resulting fractions Plotting data against fractions of different denominators | Students use favorite toys to generate real-life data, and construct bar charts and line plots to practice operations with fractions. |

Pirate Treasure Hunt | Locating points on a coordinate grid | Students plot four-quadrant coordinate points to create a game board, then use these skills to find the treasure |

Prime Time | Generating and comparing products based on prime factors Identifying primes and prime factors of composites for numbers 2-100 | Students create a colorful gameboard using prime factors, laying groundwork for long division. They use this "code" to multiply, generating larger products. |